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Paper代写:The history of the cello

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The history of the cello,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了大提琴发展史。大提琴是西洋三大独奏乐器之一,它如人声的音色,一直受到许多人的喜爱。大提琴是音乐界不可缺少的重要低音乐器,在交响乐团中占据重要的地位。它的起源要追溯到16世纪末,是由一种叫作“低音维奥尔琴”或“膝间维奥尔琴”的乐器演变而成。它声音浑厚丰满,表达的情感深沉而复杂,拥有“音乐贵妇”之称。

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Cello is one of the three major solo instruments, it is like the sound of the voice, has been loved by many people. The cello is an indispensable bass instrument in the music industry and occupies an important position in the symphony Orchestra. Its origins go back to the end of the 16th century and evolved from a musical instrument called the "bass Viols" or "the Viols of the knee." It is full of sound, deep and complex expression of emotion, with the "Music of your wife," said.

The ancestors of the cello is a kind of instrument called "Viola Dagamba", which has six strings, also known as "the violin on the leg". The original of the cello is "violoncello", meaning a large violin. Today's "cello", the volume is about twice times the violin, the bow is short and heavy, the string is lower than the viola eight degrees. Because it's a big instrument, it's not like a violin, the viola is sandwiched on the shoulder, but is playing on the left shoulder, also because of the volume of the relationship between the bridge, the curvature is larger, chord distance, the right hand can not like the violin as fast move to other sounds, but the left hand without thumb to support the instrument, When necessary, use all the fingers to press the strings to produce the sound that the violin and the viola cannot send out.

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The sound of the ancient cello is very soft, with dim beauty. However, in the 17th century, because of the increase in the square performance, the volume requirements, it is necessary to improve the ancient cello. After a period of trial and research, finally produced a most perfect instrument---cello. The improvement is achieved by its gentle tone, elegance and charm, and its size is suitable for ensemble or marching performance. And in the process of development, more Bach-led composer, given the affirmation of high evaluation, and made a number of memorable masterpieces, so that the cello in 18th century to replace the still popular ancient cello, become the mainstream of this instrument. Since then, almost every composer has put the cello in the performance catalogue, the violin skills to a higher level, in the stringed instruments, in addition to the violin, cello is the most solo instrument.

In the external construction, the body is called the neck. The neck part comprises a coil string box and a hollow structure, comprising a panel, a back plate and a side plate. Symmetrical F-shaped sound hole on the panel, the main function is to the panel and back plate resonance generated in the box air to vibration, to the outside world. The strings and the bridge have great influence on the sound quality, the material of the strings, the shape and material of the bridge and its position on the panel, are the key elements. Because the vibrations of the strings are transmitted through the bridge to the panel, which resonates. The foot wand is used to support the instrument, can be adjusted to the height of the player needs, make it more relaxed, and increase the pitch of the thumb high position. As a result of this design, the cello's playing skill has obtained the unprecedented breakthrough. The internal structure has the sound column and the bass beam, they are very important to the sound relationship, only has the correct material and the position, can make the violin to send the full timbre.

The cello is a kind of string instrument which is used to pronounce the chord, so the bow occupies an important position, the unique sound quality and timbre of the cello and the emotion it wants to express must not be without bow. The Orient had long known that a ponytail was used as a bow, and rosin was applied to help it rub on the instrument, making a wonderful sound. However, before 11th century, there were almost no bows handed down in Western Europe and other countries. It is said that the bow is originated from China's Hu Bow, through the Silk Road into the Arab and then transmitted into Europe.

Of the cello Masters, the Spanish cellist Casals is a very important figure. The cello, in his hand, ushered in a new era and laid the same solo status as the piano and violin. So he was considered the greatest performer of all times. Of these, Bach's six cello-free suites were valued by the world for his discoveries and performances.

The cello, for example, A.dvorak's B minor Cello concerto, and Haydn and Schumann's concerto as the three Cello concerto masterpieces. Its pattern is big, the skill is gorgeous, full play the music ability of the cello leisurely song. It is based on the national colors of Bohemia and Afro-American music, and it is a new World symphony.

The cello has a wide run range, can play a lower than the viola voice can also have a touching treble, although it does not have the violin high-pitched bright timbre, but the sound quality is soft and magnetic, just as the bass part of the orchestra. It is located on the right-hand side of the conductor and is easily recognizable because of its unique playing posture. The reason why the cello is loved by many people is that it is full of tension in the treble, deep bass. Especially in the expression of inner feelings, easy to touch the hearts of people, so this is its always occupy an important position and popular reasons.

The cello is free to play scales and sound bands, and can freely play various interval beats and decorative sounds, in a string, can be played portamento. When the speed is not too fast, can play a double tone, easier to play the two tones are: eight degrees, pure four degrees, increase four degrees, pure five degrees, can play the double tone: large, small six degrees, in slow speed can be played in the double tone: large, small three degrees, but with difficulty; In a fast-moving situation, the cello can play a chord composed of three tones and four tones.

Because it is a large instrument, so the cello is not like the violin, the viola in the same clip on the shoulder, but to play on the left shoulder, but also because of the volume of the relationship between the bridge is larger and the distance between strings and strings, the right hand can not be as fast as the violin to move to other sounds. But the left hand can not use the thumb to support the instrument, if necessary, can use all the fingers including the thumb to press the string, so that the violin and the viola can not produce the sound effects.

Sound is rich in human voice and expressive. As a solo, ensemble or unison instrument, you can play a variety of broad, lyrical melody, but also to play a variety of highly skilled CLS, as an ensemble instrument, can play the sound of the inner part or bass voice, often with the double bass for eight or the same degree of repetition, has a good effect; sound can be well integrated with other instruments.

Known for its warm and rich timbre, the cello is one of the most common musical instruments in the orchestra, is also the main body of the bass voice, with a wide range of run, can play a lower than the viola sound can also emit a very bright and beautiful treble, it is not like the light of the violin, but the sound quality is soft, just as the orchestra in a low vocal range. Fit to play a variety of roles, sometimes joined the bass camp, in the low voice of a heavy sigh, sometimes with the middle of two strings played in the middle of the rhythm of the role.

The most glorious moment of the cello is that the composer gives it a melody mission to perform as a song, and the melody of the whole cello set is enough to dwarf any other instrument in the orchestra.

Cello is the representative of the bass instrument, it is heavy, tactful, sad ... While the light was passing on the strings of the cello, the masters were capturing the moment and feeling eternity in various ways.

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